The information provided on this website is, by itself, not sufficient for planning a trek or using the Bicentennial National Trail. Anyone planning a trek should join the BNT and purchase the appropriate guidebook/s. While great care has been taken in compiling the guidebooks, no responsibility is accepted for any inaccuracies or for any mishap that may arise out of the use of the BNT or the guidebooks or this web site. Please make sure you Contact us before you embark on a major trek.
- General Information
- Considerations for horses
- Considerations for hikers
- Considerations for cyclists
A Self reliant trekking means you are entirely responsible for all your needs and the decisions you make. The route of the BNT has been planned to provide a unique experience and generally stays away from major towns. You will need to plan for all your needs, including food, water, shelter, safety, health and welfare. If you are planning on trekking with animals you will need to plan for their needs as well. In some places you may need to plan for up to two weeks between resupply points. You will need to be physically fit, have a high degree of expertise in your chosen mode of travel and carry and be able to use a map and compass.
A The BNT has been designed with the long distance trekker in mind. It is Australia’s longest recreational trail however, unlike some trails, it has not been specifically constructed for this purpose. Rather, the BNT links existing tracks, stock routes and legal rights-of-way, including roads, to form a continuous track from Cooktown in Queensland to Healesville in Victoria.
A The route of the BNT is contained in the Guidebooks which are available to members of the BNT.
A Guidebooks are available for purchase by members of the BNT. Members can purchase Guidebooks from our Shop.
A The BNT is a multi-use Trail which means you may encounter different users – hikers, horses and cyclists (and the occasional ultra marathon runner or cameleer). It is not available for any form of motorised transport.
A General trail courtesy asks that cyclists yield to both hikers and horses and hikers yield to horses. However horse riders can often hear cyclists before cyclists see the horses, so common sense prevails.
A No. The BNT is not a route for any form of motorised transport. In some places the route does follow roads, however vehicles and motorbikes can not follow the Trail for very long. Except where the route follows formed roads, the BNT should not be attempted by cars, 4wd, motor bikes or even motorised bikes. We ask that you respect this restriction to make sure the Trail remains available into the future.
A The ability to get a vehicle to a campsite varies. Check Guidebooks and road maps for information on the areas you are interested in.
A No. You need to be totally self reliant. Many campsites have no facilities.
A The BNT links many existing tracks, including stock routes and bush mail runs. Wherever possible these routes have an historical purpose. Notes are provided in the Guidebooks.
A The BNT traverses many different land tenures, including private property. Access has been negotiated with land managers, however from time to time we need to change the route to take account of local conditions. Where the route changes, information on an alternative routes will be available in the form of Trail Updates available for download from this website, from the section coordinator, from the Trail Coordinator or BNT office. Be prepared to be flexible.
A No. Dogs are not permitted on the Trail. Please leave dogs and other domestic pets at home.
A No. Please leave cats and other domestic pets at home.
Maps and Navigation
A Guidebooks are the primary means of navigation for the Trail. There is a Guidebook for each section of the Trail. Guidebooks contain route information as well as local information on history and heritage and other planning considerations. You must be a member of the BNT to purchase Guidebooks.
A. Triangular trail markers, similar to the BNT logo, have been placed at strategic places along the route. Markers are strategically placed to confirm a route. It is not possible to follow the Trail using markers alone.
A Edition 3 Guidebooks (black and green covers, spiral bound), at this stage covering NSW, contain sufficient information to follow the Trail without additional maps. Edition 2 Guidebooks (red and white covers) covering Queensland and Victoria, contain ‘mud maps’ and it is recommended that a topographical map be used in addition to the Guidebooks.
A Routes marked on commercial maps do not contain sufficient information to navigate the Trail. You should obtain Guidebooks for those sections of the Trail you intened travelling. Guidebooks contain important local information, directions and details not available on the map.
A A GPS doesn’t have the detailed route information you need to follow the trail. Your Guidebook is the primary means of navigation.
A The decision to use a paper map is entirely yours. The Guidebooks contain route instructions. The Edition 2 Guidebooks (red and white covers) contain sketch maps. The Edition Three Guidebooks (black, spiral bound) usually contain sufficient information. Many people prefer to carry detailed topographical maps as well as Guidebooks.
A You should always check your map for correct settings, however for Edition 3 BNT Guidebooks you should set your datum to GDA94, your position format to UTM and your north to grid.
A An artcile on basic use of a compass is available on our downloads page.
A No. The BNT is not a formed trail and crosses various land tenures. If you are considering a distance trek, consider it a challenging activity. A challenging activity requires you to have a high level of fitness, above average expertise in your chosen field and a high level of outdoor skills such as navigation, first aid and survival.
A The trail is over 5,300 km from end to end. Sections have been planned to travel around 25 – 30 km per day. Most people should allow at least six to seven months, however many people prefer to take a slower pace and allow up to a year. Our fastest time has been ultra marathon runner, Richard Bowles, who took just five and a half months, and we have had people on the trail for over two years. There is no one way to ‘do’ the BNT. You should assess your own goals and plan accordingly.
A Many people only ever do short sections or day trips. Some people do sections of the Trail as they have time. We recommend people determine the amount of time they have available and plan their treck accordingly. Ultimately it is your journey.
A You should not rely on having mobile phone coverage for all of the Trail. You should not rely on a mobile phone as your only means of contact in an emergency or as your only means of navigation.
A Despite advances in mobile phone technology, experience shows mobile phones should not be relied on for navigation on the BNT. We strongly recommend you carry a GPSR and at least one compass.
A Initially the route notes were developed to undertake the Trail from north to south, which generally allowed distance trekkers to keep the sun at their backs. However many people prefer to do the Trail from south to north so there is no right way. Edition 3 guidebooks include route notes in both directions. (Earlier Editions contain north – south notes only) Ultimately, it is your decision.
If you a planning a north to south trek, we recommend commencing after the wet season and plan to be south of Townsville by the end of September.
If you are planning a south to north trek, you need to take account of the winter closure of the alpine areas. You also need to take account of possible fire danger in summer. You will also want to avoid travel in noth Queensland in summer months.
A The Trail passes through five climatic zones each with the possibility of variable and extreme weather events. You should use the resources of the Bureau of Meteorology along with the information contained here and in the Guidebooks to assess the likely weather conditions.
A The Guidebooks , the Trail Updates, Section Coordinators, the BNT office.
A You should have a high level of fitness before you set off.
A The trail relies on the good will of private property owners and government departments for continued access. We ask that people with four-wheel-drives and motorbikes respect the wishes of land managers and not attempt to follow the Trail. Loss of access to a single area would sever the entire trail and have a devastating impact on the viability of the trail.
A Trekkers are encouraged to have a back up team support their journey. On public land it may be possible for support vehicles can reach overnight camp sites. However, where the trail or campsites are on private land, support vehicles are not permitted without the express permission of the landowner. Trekkers should be aware that motorised vehicles are not covered by BNT insurances and some landowners may deny permission to enter their land.
A The BNT is a self-reliant trail and you should have an emergency response plan prepared before you leave. If you have an accident, are injured or your animals require emergency attention, you are responsible for any costs. See the page on Safety for more information.
A We ask that trekkers make contact with the BNT office (1300 138 724) and register their plans before they commence.
A Often there are no facilities at campsites. Some campsites have basic shelter. Facilities at most campsites are minimal to encourage development of bushcraft skills and to minimise the impact on the environment.
A We ask that all trekkers tread softly – if you pack it in, pack it out again. We also ask trekkers to abide by the Trekkers Code of Conduct.
A The route of the Trail has been established to provide access to water at least once each day. In dry seasons you will need to check local conditions. In some of the drier areas we recommend water conservation practices be followed. You will need to plan for water purification for human consumption. Make sure you carry enough water drinking water and drink plenty of water each day to avoid dehydration. Don’t underestimate the amount of water you will need.
A Most likely. You should also be on the lookout for crocodiles in some north Queensland rivers.
A Yes. You will encounter flies and mosquitoes and other annoying insects. You should consider insect control that suits your needs.
A You can show your support by joining the BNT. Donations are always welcome.
A At some campsites the use of an open fire is permitted, however the use of open fires depends on the land manager and the fire conditions on the day. You should not rely on using an open fire. You should always use common sense and assess the prevailing conditions before lighting a fire. Fire bans must be respected.
Considerations for horse riders
A Cattle Tick. The BNT in Queensland is within the cattle tick zone. Before moving any horses, donkeys, camels or any other host animal from Queensland to New South Wales or to the tick free zone in Queensland, trekkers must ensure they comply with the rules concerning the movement of animals from the cattle tick infested zone to the tick free zone. To minimise the risk of spreading this serious external parasite, horses and pack animals must be inspected and treated before leaving the infected area in Queensland. For details see Guidebook 6, the Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries website and the NSW Department of Primary Industries website.
Hendra Virus. We recommend horses be vaccinated against Hendra Virus. Due to serious OH&S considerations, veterinarians may decline to attend horses not vaccinated.
A Availability of feed will depend on the season and the time of year.
A For long distance treks, we recommend no more than eight horses in the group. This is due to the availability of feed and facilities.
A It is more important to be a good horse manager.
A Horses used as pack animals should be trained in carrying a loaded pack saddle. If you plan on using hobbles, get horses used to this before you go. Train your horses to cross water, and make sure they can swim.
Considerations for hikers
A The Bicentennial National Trail is not a traditional bushwalk – it is a long distance trek. Walkers and runners have successfully completed the full length of the Trail.
Considerations for cyclists
A Stamina rather than speed is the prime consideration. Road bikes are not robust enough to cope with the rigours of the Trail. A Mountain Bike, modified for touring, is the way to go!
A Parts of the Trail are not suited to bicycles. The Guidebooks give alternative routes for cyclists where the route is too steep or too rough to be travelled safely by bike.